Applied research is an outcome-based methodology that applies existing knowledge to develop solutions for modern world problems. The term “applied” refers to the fundamental objective of applied research, which is to form practical applications to real-world problems. This type of research relates to action oriented research, as both methodologies are used to make sense of a current problem by utilizing existing data. Action research uses qualitative methods in natural settings to develop theories for teaching and learning. It is designed to implement change by providing concrete solutions to issues relating to social and educational systems in a localized setting.
Applied research fits within the broader designation of action-oriented research, which also includes classic action research, participatory research, and grounded action research, see P.M. Toscano. Praxis Inquiry.